The easiest way to keep these two terms straight is to think of an umbrella. Hyperpigmentation is a general umbrella term that can refer to several different pigment-related skin conditions. That means that melasma is a form of hyperpigmentation, but it’s not necessarily true the other way around.
Here are the most common forms of hyperpigmentation:
Melasma is a chronic skin pigmentation disorder characterized by symmetrical dark patches on your skin, most commonly the face. There are many potential triggers for melasma, each of which stimulates an increased production of melanin (pigment).
Melasma symptoms include:
- Symmetrical patches of dark, brown or greyish skin
- Enlarged melanin cells called melanocytes
- An increase in the number of melanin cells
- Abnormal accumulation of elastic tissue
- An increase in blood vessels in the face
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) refers to the dark spots that develop on the skin after skin injury or inflammation. The inflammation that occurs while a wound is healing causes your body to overproduce melanin, leading to small discolorations. These dark patches will remain on the skin for weeks, months, or sometimes years to go away after the initial skin injury has healed.
What Is Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation?
Perhaps you had a pimple that you couldn’t resist popping. Maybe you scraped your skin or burned yourself on the stove. Whatever the cause, you can’t help but notice that you still have little dark spot weeks later. That’s post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Age spots are small areas of pigment that develop over time with frequent exposure to the sun. As the name suggests, age spots most commonly occur in older individuals. However, anyone can get these spots, particularly those who work or spend a lot of time outdoors.
Age spots can appear in many different ways, varying in size, color, and shape.
Age spots are also known as:
What Are Sun Spots And Liver Spots?
Sun spots and liver spots, also known as ‘solar lentigines’ or ‘age spots’, are dark spots on the skin. They are collections of pigment that are caused by exposure to the sun’s UV rays over time. These spots can vary in size, shape, and color. They can be as small as a freckle or grow up to half an inch in diameter.
Sun spots and liver spots often appear in areas that receive the most sunlight, such as your face, shoulders, back of the neck, or the tops of your hands and forearms. They often form in groups over a localized area.
Who Gets Sun Spots?
Sun spots and liver spots most commonly occur in individuals over the age of 50, which is why they are also sometimes called ‘age spots’. However, sun exposure can cause these spots to appear on younger adults as well. Although anyone can get sun spots and liver spots, individuals with fair skin are more likely to develop them.
Once one of these spots has developed, it usually doesn’t continue to grow or change. Sun spots and liver spots are harmless, but it’s important to see your dermatologist if you notice any changes in the appearance or color of an existing spot. These changes could be signs of melanoma, a type of skin cancer.
Kumkumadi Thailam is a legendary Ayurvedic formulation, mentioned in many Ayurvedic texts for treatment of many complex skin problems. The name 'Kumkumadi' comes from its key ingredient, saffron ('kumkuma' in Sanskrit) - one of the most precious medicinal spices in the world.
This traditionally handcrafted recipe is infused with a balanced combination of vetiver, sandalwood, Indian maddar, licorice and other beneficial herbs prescribed in the Ayurvedic classic texts. These ingredients are rich in essential fatty acids, skin vitamins, antioxidants, and antimicrobials that are vital for promoting skin health.